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Wood countertops and cutting boards are constructed in three basic ways: Plank Grain, Edge Grain and End Grain (Butcher Block). From these basic formats come unlimited designs. Edge treatments, inlays and borders can further distinguish your custom wood countertop or cutting board design.
Plank Grain construction is made by gluing the edge of the boards with the face of the board up/down. This is the customary view of wood in furniture. The individual boards are between 3” and 6” wide and be 1.25” to 2” thick.
Edge Grain construction is made by gluing the face of the boards and the edge facing up/down. These long strips offer a grain pattern different than the face of the board. This method of construction offers more stability against seasonal wood movement. These tops can be built from 1.25” to 6” thick.
End Grain construction is made with the ends of the boards facing up/down. This type of construction is often referred to as Butcher Block. Since the end grain is an “open grain” it is the best option for a cutting surface. It will not dull knives or show knife marks as easily. End Grain tops have a minimum thickness of 2.25” up to 6” and are the most expensive construction style.